Vitrified Tile is a tile that is produced using vitrification and has very low porosity (and water absorption), making it stain-resistant, strong and smooth. It is an alternative to marble and granite flooring. Vitrified Tile is made by baking fine minerals like clay and silica, at extreme high temperatures where the individual grains or particles melt and fuse make a vitreous surface, thus creating a single mass making them extremely hard with low porosity. There are different types of vitrified tiles: Soluble salt, Double charged, Full body, Glazed and Digital.
Appearance - Vitrified tiles have a very smooth finish on top and they give a glossy look to the floor. They can be either glazed or polished on the surface. The glaze gives an extra shine to the tile. Different patterns can also be printed digitally. The stone or wood textures can be given to the vitrified tiles but the look is very artificial.
Suggested Uses - Vitrified tiles can be used for flooring (living room, bedroom, dining area, kitchen, bathroom), wall coverings and decor etc. They can withstand heavy use, hence can be used in malls and other commercial areas.
Pros - Vitrified tiles are strong, incredibly durable, cost effective, water resistant and stain resistant. These tiles also resist scratches and discoloration. They can withstand more than granite or marble without using their functionality or appearance. There is greater consistency in sizes, shades and thickness as these tiles are machine made. Need practically no setting time, therefore, quick to use after laid. They are pre-polished and do not need polishing on site, hence save time.
Cons - Vitrified tiles are prone to become slippery when wet. They lack the natural textures found in marbles and granites, and have an artificial look in comparison to natural look of ceramic tiles.
Care - Proper care and regular cleaning of vitrified tiles can help minimize staining, but prolonged exposure to dirt can still cause stains to appear. These stain can be removed using mild tile cleaner and floor scrub brush or sponge.