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Saarinen, Eero (1910-61)Architect/designer, creator of the pedestal furniture group.
Saber LegTerm describes a sharply curving leg in the classical style; also commonly called a scroll-shaped leg. Sabre legs are generally reeded.

A French term for the gilt-bronze "shoe" at the bottom of furniture legs.

Saddle SeatA wooden chair seat which has been hollowed to the sides and back to resemble the pommel of a saddle.
Safety LightingLighting required by code or building ordinances to protect the health and safety of the public. Examples include exit signs, aisle lighting, and lighting for stairs and landings.
Saggingirregular elongation or stretching of a drapery fabric due to increased humidity or moisture in the air.
SakeBrewed, alcoholic beverage made from fermented rice.
Salt GlazeA glaze created during high-temperature firings. Sodium, usually in the form of rock salt, in introduced into the fully heated kiln and forms a clear coating on the clay, often with an orange-peel texture.
Saltbox RoofA gabled roof with one slope longer and lower than the other.
SaltireA straight, X-shaped stretcher used on chairs or tables.
Sand Casting

An ancient and still widely used casting method in which moistened sand is packed against a model to make a mold usually for metal.

SandblastingA method of etching the surface of material by spraying it with compressed air and sand.
SandstoneA granular stone that may be used as floor or wall materials, laid at random or in a rectangular, ashlar pattern.
Sanitary FittingsThe fittings or appliance used for collection and discharge of soil or waster matter is termed as sanitary fittings.
SapwoodThe pale wood near the outside perimeter of a log.
SaranA synthetic long-chain polymer of vinylidene chloride. Saran is fire retardant and used alone or in fabric blends.
Sash CurtainsSheer or semisheer fabric shirred (gathered) onto a rod at the top and bottom of the window frame.
Sash DoorThis type of door is used in residential as well as public buildings with a view to supplement the natural lighting provided by windows or to make the interior of one room visible from the adjacent one.
Sash WindowIn this case , the window shutter consists of two vertical stiles , top rail and a bottom rail.
SateenA cotton fabric that's made to mimic satin with a smooth silky finish on one side.
Sateen, Satinet, Or Horizontal SatinA satin weave where the weft or filler threads float over five to eight warp threads, then are tied down under one in an irregular manner that produces a smooth surface.
Satin Or Eggshell PaintA paint that dries to a finish slightly less shiny than semigloss but more lustrous than flat.
Satin WeaveA smooth, often lustrous fabric weave where warp threads float over five to eight weft or filling threads, then are tied down under one. There are no ridges or wales.
SauvageA two-toned or contrasting color effect applied to leather furniture.
Savonnerie RugA hand-knotted pile rug from France, originally woven at the Savonnerie Tapestry Works and patronized by King Louis MN. Historic and contemporary patterns.
Sawbuck TableA table with an X-shaped frame either plain or scrolled.
ScaffoldingScaffold is a temporary rigid structure having platforms raised up as the building increases in height. It enables the mason to work at different stages of a building and to hoist the materials for the immediate use at various angles.
ScagliolaA material developed in the 17th century in Northern Italy to duplicate marble. It is made from colored plaster and isinglass with inset marble chips. It can be polished to give a gloss finish.
ScaleIs the relative size of something as related to another element of known size.
ScallopA curved case piece ornamentation, commonly in the shape of a scallops shell.
ScandinavianAt the 1930 Stockholm Exhibition and the 1939 World's Fair in New York, the larger world was first exposed to the simple, clean, and lightweight forms of Scandinavian furniture. Quality craft combined with mass production where appropriate are hallmarks of the style. Bent plywood is a commonly used material.
Scarfing JointThis system of lengthening wooden member is especially suitable in places where it is necessary to maintain the same depth and width of the member throughout its length.
Scatter RugsSmall rugs (sometimes called throw or accent rugs), often with a tufted cut pile, used in residential areas where water is likely to spill or where dirt is tracked in. Usually of poliester or nylon.
Scatter-Back SofaA sofa with back loose back cushions that can be rearranged. Find a sofa.
ScheduleThe chart that indicates the finish material used on floors, walls, and ceiling and lists types of doors and windows.
SchedulingArranging for subcontractors and craftspeople who build or finish portions of a building and its interior to complete their work within -a time frame.
Schematic Design PhaseInvolves preliminary design decisions for plans and specifications.
SchematicsQuick drawings used to generate or show ideas.
SchoolsGroups of artists with like philosophies whose work has similar characteristics.
SconceA wall-mounted light fixture (usually hard-wired).
Scoop SeatA wooden chair seat that has been hollowed out to fit the body.
ScotchgardRegistered Trademark of the 3M Company for fabric protector that repels against staining from water and spills.
ScreensA general term for a sliding or freestanding frame filled with wood, paper, fabric, or other materials, which may he placed in front of a window or used as a divider.
Scribe PieceIs an oversized piece of plastic laminate or wood that can be trimmed in the field to follow any minor irregularities of the wall.
ScrollScrolls are the supportive and decorative members shaped like a scroll or curl which are connected to posts, rails, and each other on many brass (especially traditional) headboards and footboards.
Scroll FootA foot in the form of a spiral line. It is not fully articulated with part above it.
Scroll PedimentA pediment with a flat bottom and two curved volutes at the top, of ten with a finial between the volutes.
ScrubbableWall coverings that can be repeatedly washed with detergent solutions.
SculptureThc art of fashioning figures and forms of wood, clay, plastics, metal, or stone.
Sculptured CarpetA carpet with more than one height to the pile, which gives a pattern to the whole.
Sculptured-Loop CarpetA multilevel-loop carpet, the same as embossed-loop carpet.
Sealed EnvironmentA building with nonoperable or fixed windows; HVAC provides warm, cool, and clean air.
SealersA liquid used to prepare a surface for painting.
Seamless FlooringA mixture of a resinous matrix, fillers, and decorative materials applied in a liquid or vicious form that cures to a hard, seamless surface.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (Sad)A condition with symptoms of fatigue and depression affecting some people who are deprived of natural light during the long winter season.
Seat RailThe framework that supports the seat of a chair and holds the legs together.
Secondary ColorOrange, green, and violet are secondary colors.
Secondary Focal PointThe point (or points) of emphasis in an environment that is (are) subordinate to the primary focal point because of size, location, color, Or other design factors.
Secondary HuesOreen, orange, and violet, as based on the Standard Color Wheel theory.
Secrétaire À AbattantA type of writing cabinet with a fall front and resting on a chest-of-drawers or small cupboard. Find home office furniture.
SecretaryA desk with drawers below and a bookcase above.
Secretary (Or Secrétaire)A drop-leaf desk normally sitting on a base of drawers, usually with slots and cubbyholes for organizing papers. Find home office furniture.
SectionalSimilar to a sofa but in several sections. Sectionals may be curved or straight and have two, one or no arms. The sections may be used in combination or in some cases separately. Find a sectional sofa.
Sectional FurnitureModular furniture, often seating pieces, that can be combined into different combinations.
Security SystemA wiring system that detects unlawful entry.
SedimentaryRocks formed by the transformation of existing rocks by gravity, atmosphere and living organisms.
SeersuckerA lightweight textile with a puckered surface and striped pattern.
SefA registered trademark of Monsanto for modacrylic.
SegmentalA less than semi-circular, unbroken pediment with an abruptly ending curve.
Segmental PedimentA pediment with a flat bottom and a curved radius at the top.
SeignorailAn imposing highback chair for the master of a house.
Self Storing LeavesLeaves that store within an extension table. Find a dining table.
Self-DeckTo cover the frame area of an upholstered piece of furniture beneath the seat cushions with the same fabric as the body as opposed to using a muslin or other neutral fabric. Normally seen only on better furniture.
SelvageFinished sides of a lengthwise grain that prevents raveling.
SemenierA tall narrow seven-drawer chest, the term is often used in reference to a lingerie or similar type of chest. Find bedroom furniture.
Semi GlossSemi gloss is a type of finish that has a partial to heavy gloss. This usually applies to a paint finish or a clear finish on a piece of wood. Semi-gloss paints are popular on base moldings because they don't scratch as easily as a less glossy finish, and they are easier to clean.
Semi-Aniline LeatherA top grain leather that is aniline dyed and coated with matching pigment and, or, other topical finishes to add protection and even out the color. Also commonly referred to as aniline-plus or protected aniline. Find leather furniture.
Semi-Attached BackBack cushions that are attached with a zipper or seam to the inside back of a piece of upholstered furniture such as a sofa or chair.
Semidetached HousesA term for housing in which portions of walls and roofs are common to two or more units.
Semi-DurableA fabric finish that will withstand wet, but not dry cleaning.
Semigloss PaintA paint rhat dries to a luster between flat and shiny; it contrasts nicely with both and hides fingerprints.
Semihoused StairA stair attached to the wall on one side.
Semitrimmed Wall CoveringWall coverings with only one selvage trimmed off. The selvage edge is overlapped with the next strip or trimmed off at the site.
SepiaWarm, reddish-brown pigment produced from octopus or cuttlefish ink, used in watercolor and drawing ink. In photography, some toning processes produce similar color in the print.
Septic TankIn areas , where municipal underground sewage system is not available , the sewage from residential apartments , small residential colonies and isolated buildings like offices , schools , hospitals etc. is treated in a septic tank.
SericultureCultivated silk production.
SerigraphAn art print made by passing ink through a fine screen that has been covered with a cut stencil to form the pattern. Also called silk screen.
SerpentineTwo curves reminiscent of a serpent's movement; commonly found on fronts or tops of case pieces.
Serpentine FrontA waving curve on the front of a desk or chest.
SerratedA saw tooth or zig-zag ornament that is one form of a notched dentil.
Service ConnectionIt is a water connection given by the local body (municipal cooperation) from city water distribution mains to a consumer. The consumer may be the owner of a single house , a multistoried building , a planned block development or a water district buying water wholesale.
Service RoadA road/lane provided at the rear or side of a plot for service purposes.
Serving TableA long narrow table with drawers for items such as silver and linens. Find dining room furniture.
Set-Back ArmAn arm that is set back from the front edge of the seat.
Set-Back LineA line usually parallel to the plot boundaries and laid down in each case by the local municipal bodies beyond which nothing can be constructed towards the plot boundary.
SetteeA long wooden or upholstered bench with a back,designed to seat two or more people.
SettleA wooden bench with a high back and solid arms, often featuring drawers or a hinged seat that covers storage space, originally brought to America by the pilgrims. Find an entryway bench.
Seventeenth-Century English Medieval StyleThe design style of seventeenth-century America, inspired by the late Medieval designs of England. Architecture, interiors, and furniture were all strongly influenced by English prototypes.
SewageIt is combination of discharge from soil pipe , waste pipe with or without rain water.
SewerIt is a system of underground pipe belonging to local municipal authority which collects discharge from drains or house drains from outside the private boundary of more than one property.
ShadeAny color mixed with black (most rich,ultra-dark colors are shades)
ShadesSec roller shade.
ShadingBlending painted color values from light to dark across a wall or ceiling.
Shading DevicesInterior or exterior window coverings that deter solar gain from penetraling the interior.
Shake ShinglesWooden roof shingles, somewhat irregular in widtb, that weather to a gray color.
ShakerA simplistic furniture design including features such as straight, tapered legs, and woven-strap chair seats. Style originated in the mid 1770's from an American religious sect (Shakers). The Shaker style is renowned for exceptional design and craftsmanship combined with functionality and beauty.
ShakersA late eighteenth-century, early nineteenth-century religious sect whose beliefs included the design of furnishings devoid of excessive decoration.
ShamHistorically a cover that laid on top of a pillow, today the sham is a decorative cover that fully encases the pillow.
ShanturaA registered trademark of Rohm and Haas for polyester.
ShapeIs the unique characteristic of an object or space that defines it as distinct from adjacent objects or spaces.
Shaped ValanceA flat fabric top treatment with a shaped or curved bottom hem. Interlined with stiffening fabric and/or batting and sometimes quilted.
Sheaf-Back ChairsChairs with spindled backs that come together in the middle-back through a piece of wood and flare out again to the bottom of the chair; the style resembles a sheaf of wheat. Find dining chairs.
Shed CeilingA ceiling with a single slope.
Sheer Draperies And CurtainsTransparent or translucent fabric hung next to the glass. Called draperies if pleated and hung on a traverse rod, curtains if shirred or gathered onto a curtain rod.
Sheet SetSheet sets includes flat and fitted sheets, standard pillowcase pair. Twin has one pillowcase, king and California king have king size pillowcases.
Sheet VinylRolls of vinyl in widths up to twelve feet, glued down directly to a prepared surface. May have a cushioned hacking, and the thickness of the vinyl surface may vary with die quality.
SheetrockAlso known as drywall, gypsum board, or plasterboard; a rigid wall material made of pulverized gypsum rock. See wallboard.
ShellacA resinous varnish obtained from the lac insect and used in japanning.
SheratonA formal style of design that developed from Hepplewhite. Sheraton features include delicate straight lines, tapered legs that are usually turned opposed to being square and skilled inlay and veneer work.
Sheraton, Thomas (1751-1806)An important English furniture craftsman best known for the designs published in his book The Cabinet-Maker and Upholsterer's Drawing Book.
Shield BackA chair with a back shaped like a shield. Find dining chairs.
ShinglesWood, asbestos, or tile components commonly used as a finish material on angled (gable or hipped) roofs.
Shirred CurtainsFabric gathered onto a rod with or without a ruffle at the top.
Shirred ValanceA fabric top treatment gathered onto a curtain rod.
ShirringA method of gathering wide fabric along both long sides to create a soft effect. Often used to emphasize the curve of a sofa or other upholstered piece.
ShoeA projecting piece rising from the back rail of a chair seat into which the base of the splat is fixed.
Shoe MoldingA flexible trim piece that is used in conjunction with baseboard molding. This trim is used to hide any variances in height between the base molding and flooring.
Shoji ScreenA freestanding Oriental style screen, often used as a room divider. Find floor screens.
Shoji ScreensWooden frames and divider grids filled with translucent white mulberry or rice paper. Used in traditional Japanese homes and contemporary Western residential and nonresidential interiors as well.
ShoringThe term shoring is applied to construction of the temporary structure required to support an unsafe structure.
ShowroomsWholesale businesses Usually located in marketing centers where the designer may see lines of merchandise, place orders, or buy furnishings.
ShutterTypically a louvered or flush wood or vinyl frame in the shape of a door placed at each side of a window. Shutters are made and used for many purposes including protecting windows from storms, filtering or obscuring light, and for nonfunctional decorative accents. Find shutters.
Side ChairTerm normally used to refer to an armless dining chair or a small-scale, armless chair designed to stand against a wall when not in use. Find dining chairs.
Side DraperiesStationary panels hung on each side of a window.
SideboardA long storage chest often used for serving and storage in a formal dining room.
SidelightsVertical, narrow windows used on each side of a door.
Sight LineThe natural line of sight the eye travels when looking into or around a room.
SilkA natural fiber derived from the silk worm. Silk is famous for being soft, smooth and lustrous. Hence the saying, "smooth as silk".
Silk ScreenSee serigraph.
Silkscreen PrintingA printing process in which paint, ink, or dye is forced through a fine screen onto the surface beneath. Different areas of the screen are blocked off with each layer of color.
Silk-Screen PrintingA traditional method of stencil printing, done by squeegeeing ink through stencils on sheer silk stretched on wooden screens. Originally it was a hand technique. Now flatbed printing automates the moving of fabric under the screens and the raising and lowering of the screens, and rotary screen printing further speeds the process by rotating the pattern onto the fabric with no hand labor. Silk screening accounts for a large portion of printed designs today.
SillAn igneous intrusion that is more or less horizontal but forms into a single step shape.
Silt TrapSilt trap are provided only in situations where the waste water carries large amount of silt , sand , coarse particles etc. It is a masonry chamber which functions like grit chamber where the silt , sand etc. settle down before the waste water is discharged into the drainage.
Silver GelatinA photographic process that uses silver halide crystals suspended within the photographic emulsion to produce the image. The most popular type of black-and-white photograph produced today.
Silver PlateFlatware made from an alloy of silver and nickel, electroplated with Pure silver.
SilveringThe process of coating with silver or silverlike substances.
Single GlazingFilling a window opening with one layer of glass.
Single RollOne bolt of wall covering containing approximately thirty-six square feet.
Single-Hung SashSash windows in which only the bottom section is operable.
Single-Wide Mobile HomeA mobile home that is approximately twelve to fifteen. feet wide and twenty to forty feet long.
SinkSink is commonly used in kitchens , hospitals and laboratories. It is made of glazed fire clay , stainless steel , plastic etc.
Sinuous SpringsAlso known a "S coils" and "Zigzag wire". Sinuous springs are used in place of coil spring units in upholstered pieces such as sofas.
Sinuous Wire SpringAn essentially flat spring bent in a zigzag fashion used in upholstered furniture.
SisalStrong fiber from the leaves of the sisal plant used to create area rugs and broadloom floor coverings.
Sisal And Maize MatsNatural cellulosic fiber mats that are coarse and rough to the touch.
SiteA piece of land enclosed by definite boundaries.
Size (Sizing)A solution used as a finisher for fabrics, which stiffens the surface and helps protect against wear.
SizingA thin liquid painted on a surface before hanging wall coverings. It seals against alkali, lessens the paste quantity needed, and provides some grip for the wallpaper.
SketchA rough, quick illustration of a proposed space or a detail of the space.
Skew-BackIt is the surface of the abutment on which the arch rests.
SkirtA piece of fabric at the bottom of a sofa, loveseat or chair that hangs in a way resembling a woman's skirt. On case-goods the term refers to the panel connecting the surface and legs of a table or chair.
SkylightThis is a type of fixed window provided on the sloping surface of a pitched roof , the window being parallel to the sloping surface. The skylight is provided with a view to permit the room below to be fully lighted with natural light.
Slant-Front DeskA frame or chest of drawers with a top section as an enclosed desk for writing, with the hinged lid sloping at a 45 degree angle when closed.
Slat BackAn early American chair incorporating horizontal slats. Find dining and kitchen chairs.
SlateA fine-grain metamorphic rock that is easily split into thin slabs, making it ideal for flooring as well as roofing.
Slate RoofA roof covered with thin sheets of stone, used like shingles.
SlatsWooden boards used as the bottom structure to support box spring units within their frames. Also used in headboard and footboard sets with wood rails and in bunk beds to support the mattress in place of a box spring. Slats can also be used as a feature in furniture construction. Slatted construction is commonly seen in mission and arts and crafts furnishings.
Sleeper (Or Hide-A-Bed)A sofa, loveseat, or chair that converts into a bed. Also available in some sectionals. Find a sleeper sofa.
Sleepy Hallow ChairA large upholstered chair with a hollowed seat, high back and solid low arms.
Sleigh BedA wooden bed with a large headboard and footboard that resembles the shape of a horse-drawn sleigh.
Slide-OutSee "Pullout."
Sliding DoorThis type of door is considered suitable for shops , sheds , godowns etc. and in places where the use of hinges for fixing the shutter is to be avoided.
Sliding WindowIn this type of window , the shutters move on roller bearing and can slide either horizontally or vertically.
Sliding WindowsWindows that slide horizontally.
Slip MatchA veneer method commonly used with quartered and rift-sawn material, where successively cut pieces are joined together to form a repeating pattern. The grain does not math up at the joints.
Slip SeatA removable upholstered chair seat.
SlipcoverA removable fabric cover for a chair, sofa, or loveseat. Either custom-tailored or adjusted with ties and fasteners.
SlipcoversFitted covers that can be placed over the original upholstery and secured with snaps or other fasteners.
Slipper ChairA low armless chair, often found in bedrooms.
SlubAn uneven section in a yarn which gives fabric a rough texture.
Sludge Soak PitThis is an alternative method of disposal of sewage from an individual house drain. The sludge soak pit can function effectively in situation where the ground water table is low and the sub
Slumped GlassPreformed flat or three-dimensional glass that is reheated and shaped in a mold.
Smart HouseRegistered trademark of the National Home Builders' Association for home automation.
Smoke DetectorA fire-alarm device that sounds when triggered by excessive smoke in the air.
Social ZonesAreas for formal or informal social interaction.
SofaA long upholstered seating piece with a back and arms, which can seat three or more people. Find a sofa.
Sofa TableA table normally used behind a sofa or loveseat that has been positioned away from the wall or that's in the middle of a room. Find a sofa table.
SoffitUnderside of an overhang.
Soffit LightingArchitectural lighting built into a soffit.
Soft Window TreatmentsFabric treatments: curtains, draperies, shades, and top treatments.
Soft WoodWood from a conifer trees such as pine and cedar.
SoftwareComputer program that accomplishes specific tasks.
SoftwoodA botanical grouping of trees that displays needles and cones rather than broad, flat leaves.
Soil-Release FinishAllows a fabric to more readily absorb water and free soil to be lifted out with mild detergent.
Soil-Repellent Or Soil-Resistant FinishesThese are sprayed onto the surface of a fabric, forming a temporary barrier that prevents soil from penetrating the fabric. If the soil or stain is not removed quickly, it can be forced into the fabric through tiny cracks in the finish. The soil may then he locked under the finish, making it very difficult to remove.
Solar GreenhousesA greenhouse living space that is also a passive solar collector; a solarium.
Solar Heat GainHeat front sunshine collected through glass walls or windows. May be absorbed, stored, and released through many of the hard background materials such as stone, tile, brick, and concrete.
Sole ProprietorshipAn interior design business owned by one person.
SolidWooden furniture construction with solid pieces of wood in all the external or visible parts of the piece.
Solid Wood FlooringSolid wood flooring  Flooring that is constructed from solid wood boards, rather than laminated or veneered boards. Normally three-quarters of an inch thick.
Solid-Core DoorA veneered door with a core of solid wood pieces. Also called lumber-core door.
Solution Or Dope DyeingThe addition of dyes or coloring matter to die viscose solution in man-made fibers before they arc extruded. The dyes then become colorfast and will not fade. The process is more costly than other methods of dyeing and must be done well in advance of the finished product, making solution-dyed color somewhat risky in today's market of rapidly changing color trends.
SolventA liquid for thinning and cleaning up oil-based paints.
Sound BoardAn insulative material in rigid form that prevents audible sounds from being heard; usually used beneath drywall.
Sound InsulationControl of noise transmission is essential to minimize the disturbing effect of sound passing from one person to another , through walls , partitions, floors and ceilings.
Sound KnotA knot that is solid across its face, and remains intact.
SouthwesternContemporary style which is highly influenced by Native American Indian traditions. Light-colored woods, light and bright color palettes, rich patterns and desert scenery characterize the style.
SpaceAn element of design consisting of a continuous expanse of distance without forms, which is divided with walls, partitions, and furnishings. Filled space is termed positive space and empty space is called negative space.
Space ConfigurationA design term that is used to describe the reallocation of interior space without adding on.
Space PlanningThe allotment of spaces to create a workable floor plan. The organization and division of spaces into rooms or areas to meet specific needs.
Space-Saving DeviceAny means of maximizing the existing space, thereby making a space seem larger.
Spade FootA tapered to the base leg design, usually found in Hepplewhite styles.
SpallsChips or small pieces of stone broken off a large block are termed as spalls. They are used in filling the interstices in stone masonry.
SpaltedWood that contains areas of natural decay, giving it distinctive markings.
SpanIt is the clear horizontal distance between the supports.
SpandrelAn arch bounded by a horizontal and vertical frame such as was used by Sheraton in some chair backs.
SpandrilIt is the triangular walling enclosed by the extrados of the arch , a horizontal line from the crown of the arch and a perpendicular line from the springing of the outer curves.
Spanish RenaissanceStyle during the 1500's to 1700's, which had a huge Moorish influence. Decoration relies heavily on patterns that have elaborate geometric carving. Spanish Renaissance pieces often have decorative metal accents and brass nails. Familiar upholstery is red and green leather. Chairs and tables can have iron or heavy wood stretchers. Spanish Renaissance blends well with other Renaissance furniture, as the favored woods were walnut, oak, and cedar.
Spanish RugsHand-knotted pile rugs with a coarse, sparse weave. Classified with folk rugs.
SpatteringPainting effect created by flicking a brush with wet paint.
Special RoddingDrapery rods that can be bent and suited to custom or special installations.
SpecificationsThe written list of materials and furnishings, itemized according to company, stock number, color, and other pertinent ordering information, and the location where the goods will he installed. Also, in nonresidential architecture, the criteria of minimum durability, cost, and safety requirements of finish materials.
SpecifierA type of designer whose role is limited to selecting or specifying which products or specifications will be used.
Spectral Energy DistributionThe inherent color characteristics of an object or material due to the type and amount of dyes or pigments. This can cause the object or material to appear as different colors under different kinds of light; also describes the color of the light source.
SpectranA registered trademark of Monsanto for polyester.
SpindleA slender turned and shaped column, which often swells out in the lower half and is usually used in rows such as the back of a Windsor chair.
Spinet DeskA writing desk that was designed using a musical instrument of the colonial period. After the instrument wore out, the keyboard was removed and the cabinet was modified to be used as a writing desk.
SpinneretteThe shower head-like device through which man-made fiber viscose solutions are forced to create monofilament. The size and shape of the holes in the spinnerette can be changed to give various characteristics to the fibers.
Spiral LegA leg that's carved, or turned, into the shape of a rope twist or spiral.
Spiral StaircaseA corkscrew-shaped staircase.
Spiral TurningA column twisted like strands or filaments of rope.
Spiral WaveA series of turning, wave-like scrolls used as decoration.
Spiral WeltA decorative welting trim that features one or multiple colors arranged in a spiral pattern.
SplatA flat, vertical piece in the middle of an open chair back, which is often carved or ornamented.
SplayedA pitched spread or slant; a surface canted outward, beveled or angled.
Splayed LegA leg that slants outward from a piece of furniture.
Splint SeatA seat made of oak or hickory strips interlaced. Used in country furniture throughout the 18th Century.
Split ComplementConsists of a hue and the two colors on each side of its direct complement.
Split LeatherThe bottom layers of the hide, which have been split from the top-grain leather and then pigmented or sueded. Find leather furniture.
Split Queen BoxTwo queen size foundation units that measure 30"x80" each. Designed to accommodate the passage of a single-piece foundation. Find a queen mattress set.
Split-Back SofaA sofa that's made with vertical seamed indentations in the back, which usually divides the surface in three. Find a sofa.
Split-Entry HomeA two-level home in which the entry is located in the center, and the person entering walks upstairs to the kitchen/living/dining areas and the bedroom/bath areas, and downstairs to the family room, extra bedrooms, and storage areas.
Split-Level HomeA three- or four-level home with half flights leading from one area to the next.
Sponge Rubber PadCarpet underlay. The most common example of sponge rubber is waffle padding.
SpongingApplying paint with sponges for texture and color overlay.
Spool BeadA continuous turning having the form of a series of connected beads.
Spoon Back (Or Spooning)A curved chair back designed to fit the sitter's form. Common on Queen Anne chairs.
SpotlightA luminaire that focuses light in one direction, casting a pool of light.
Spray PaintingPainting with the spray gun is considered to be a highly developed and efficient method of applying all types of protective coatings.
Spread FootingsIn this , the base of the member transmitting load to the soil is made wider so as to distribute the load over wider area.
Spring DownA type of cushion constructed of coil springs, which are wrapped in polyurethane and covered with down batting.
Spring EdgeAn upholstered seats front edge that's supported by springs rather than the frame.
SpringerIt is the first voussoir at springing level on either side of the arch.
Springing LineIt is an imaginary line joining the two springing points.
Springing PointsThese are the points at the extremities of the intrados.
SpringsThe most commonly used springs for upholstered furniture are coil springs and sinuous springs.
Squab CushionA loose flat cushion on the seat of a chair.
Square Feet Or FootageThe width multiplied by the length of a room or building. The two-dimensional floor space.
Square LegA four sided leg of equal dimensions on all sides (resembling a fence post) that supports a piece of furniture such as a coffee table or dining table.
SqueegeeAn implement with a strong, straight ctosspiecc edged with rubber used to spread a thin layer of ink across and through a silk screen.
Squint JointThis is formed when two walls meet each other at an angle other than a right angle without forming a quoin.
StackIt is a term used for any vertical pipeline of a drainage system.
StackingThe wall or window area that's required for draperies when they are completely opened.
StainColor mixed with water, oils, or other agents and applied to wood as part of the finishing process.
Stained GlassColored and clear glass set into patterns and hung in front of windows or used as the window glazing itself.
StainingThe step in the finishing process where coloring (stain) is applied to a piece of wood furniture.
Stainless SteelAn alloy of steel and chromium.
StainsIt is a liquid preparation which is used to change the color of various types of cheap quality wood to give them the appearance of wood of superior quality.
StairA stair may be defined as a structure comprising of a number of steps connecting one floor to another.
StairwellThe open space filled by a stair.
StampsVarious names and letters are often found stamped on French furniture made in the 18th Century or later. These stamps are an important means of identifying the makers of individual pieces of furniture.
Standard Color Wheel TheoryBased on three primary colors--red, yellow, and blue?and the variations derived by mixing these, plus black and white. Colors are arranged in a circle, with secondary and tertiary or intermediate colors placed between the primary colors.
Standard FinishesApplied to fabrics to enhance durability. Also known as wet, chemical, or functional finishes.
StapleShort fibers that vary from approximately one-half to two inches. Staple yarns offer greater bulk, insulation, and area coverage.
Stapled Wall FabricFabric attached to a wall by staples.
Starting StepThe first step of the stair.
State Of The ArtThe current or latest technology; the newest developments.
Statuary MarblesThose marbles used for sculpture.
Steam BendA method of bending a single piece of wood (bowback chair, bowed splat, etc.) into a furniture part.
SteelA hard alloy of iron and carbon.
SteelingMending a vent (hairline) crack by cutting grooves on the reverse side of a slab of stone and inserting strips of metal.
StemwareDesignation given to fine drinking glass with raised bowls, stems, and bases.
StencilingMethod of creating patterns by covering an area of a surface and applying color to the uncovered area.
Stereo CabinetA cabinet used for housing stereo components and related media such as a CD player, AM/FM stereo receiver, audio CDs and related items. Find a stereo cabinet.
Sterling IiFlatware with sterling silver handles and stainless steel blades, tines, and bowls.
Sterling SilverFinest type of silverware; 92.5 percent pure.
StickleyFurniture designed and built by Gustav Stickley who pioneered the American Arts and Crafts movement, also known as Mission style, which is known for clean straight lines and durability. Web site of Stickley.
Stickley, Gustav (1848-1942)Furniture designer and exponent of the Mission style.
StickworkFlat battens used on Victorian buildings to create patterns in imitation of Medieval timber framing.
StileThe upright section of a frame for a panel or door frame.
Still LifeA depiction of a group of inanimate objects arranged for symbolic or aesthetic effect.
StipplingSimilar to sponging but uses a stippling brush to dab on a colored glaze or paint, revealing some of the base color.
Stock DyeingThe coloring of natural fibers (particularly wool) in the raw-goods state (stock) before they are spun into yarns.
Stock PlansFloor plans that are mass-produced and purchased, usually by mail order, by anyone wishing to build that home.
StoneAny hard rock used for flooring or wall materials.
Stone-EndersSeventeenth-century houses with stone-covered chimney ends, common to Rhode Island.

A gray, red, or buff clay body that matures (becomes nonporous) between 1900°F and 2300°F.

Stop CockThis is provided before water meter in a chamber with a cover to cut off the supply of water from the street main to the building for repairs to the plumbing system within the building.
StorageSpace planned for keeping foodstuffs, linens, tools, clothing, and other items owned by people. It also refers to needs of a nonresidential interior to keep extra stock merchandise, office supplies, or other goods. Also, the reservoir for storing thermal energy in a solar system.
Storage BuildingsThese shall include any building or part of a building primarily for the storage or sheltering of goods , wares or merchandise , garages , stables etc.
Storage TanksIn the areas , where continuous supply of water is available the pressure of water in the mains may not be adequate to raise the water to upper floors. Thus provision of storage tank is made in a building to ensure availability of water during non supply hours or when the municipal supply is stopped.
StoreyThe portion of a building included between the surface of any floor and the surface of the floor next above it.
Storm WindowsClass or plastic removable windows that add insulation. Summer storm windows are tinted as a shading device.
StoveA freestanding wood- or coal-burning heating unit.
Straight LinesLines that directly connect two points; horizontal and vertical lines.
Straight RunA stair that makes no turns.
Straight-Back SofaA sofa style with the back top being straight, narrow arms extend forward. Some variations have set-back arms and T-cushions for the seat. Find a sofa.
Strapping Tape MethodA temporary method of attaching fabric to a wall. Rolls or circles of strapping tape are affixed to the wall and to the fabric.
StrapworkA narrow band folded, crossed, and sometimes interlaced. Also an ornament consisting of a narrow band in convolutions similar to those of a leather strap thrown at hazard.
StrataLayers or beds of sedimentary rock.
Straw-WorkMethod of decorating furniture in the 17th Century with tiny strips of bleached and colored straws to form landscapes, geometrical patterns, etc.
Strecher CourseIt is a course of brickwork in which all the bricks are laid as strechers.
StreetAny means of access i.e. highway road , lane , pathway over which public have a right of passage.
Strength Or TenacityThe inherent ability of a material to withstand stress without breaking.
StretcherA horizontal brace in an H or X shape connecting the legs of a table or chair. Often decorated with carving or turning.
StretchersCrosspieces used to brace and strengthen table and chair legs.
String CourseIt is a horizontal course of masonry projecting from the face of the wall and is generally at every floor or sill level throughout the length of the wall. It is intended to improve the elevation of the structure.
StringcourseSee beltcourse.
StringerA long horizontal timber used to connect uprights in a frame, or to support a floor.
Strip LightingA lighting fixture in which several lamps or bulbs are aligned in a strip. Used in grooming areas around mirrors.
StrippableA wall covering that can be stripped or completely removed from a wall. Applies to most vinyl wall coverings.
StrippingRemoving the old surface or finish from a piece of furniture.
Structural DesignA basic or general category of design wherein the design is intrinsic to the structure-one cannot be separated without destroying the other.
Structural SystemsThe components of new or remodeling construction that make up the structure: footings and foundation, as well as the framework (or other systems) that supports the building and to which the finish materials are applied.
StructureThe overall character of a rock.
StuccoRough textured plaster or cement for covering walls.
StudA vertical support element made of wood or metal that is used in the construction of walls.
Student DeskThe term normally applies to a small pedestal type of desk or smaller writing table constructed for use by a child or teenager in their bedroom. In most cases these desks are a bit shorter in height than conventional adult desks. Student desks are most commonly made of wood or metal. Find children's furniture.
StyleThe decorative design of an object, room, home, etc.
StylobateThe base upon which the Greek temple rests.
SubcontractorA person who performs a single task in construction such as foundation work, framing, electrical, plumbing, EIVAC, finish work (millwork or woodwork), or tile or floor laying.
SubfloorsThe material (usually wood) nailed to the framework on which the finish floor materials are laid.
SuedeA leather that's produced from a fresh split hide, which has a velvet like nap. Find leather furniture.
SuiteA complete matched set of furniture, such as a bedroom suite.
Sullivan, Louis (1856-1924)Called the Father of American architecture, he felt that the form of a building should follow its function.
Summer BeamThe largest beam spanning wall to wall, supporting the smaller floor joists in seventeenth-century timber-framed homes.
SundialA timepiece that shows the time by a shadow cast by a pointer.
SuperinsulationExtra-heavy insulation of walls, foundations, ceilings, and attic areas to conserve energy; requires thicker than conventional walls.
Surface Treatment FinishesSee mechanical finishes.
Surface-Mounted FixtureA structural or decorative luminaire that is mounted onto the ceiling.
SurroundThe enclosure and area around a tub or shower
Surrounds (Tub Or Shower)The tile, marble, or imitative plastic finish material used to protect the wall against water in showers and bathtub areas.
Suspended FixturesStructural (pendant) or decorative (chandelier) luminaires hung on a cord or chain from the ceiling.
SuspensionThe combination of components such as coils and foam in an upholstered piece of furniture that provide the support and comfort for the seating and back areas.
Sussex ChairA chair with an ash frame and rush seat, based on a traditional country design. Find kitchen chairs.
SwagA fabric that's draped in a looped garland effect or any imitation of the same. Find draperies and curtains.
Swag HoldersMetal hardware that supports swagged fabric.
SwagsAlso called festoons. Semicircles of fabric, folded at the corners to form a soft or precise curved fabric top treatment. Often finished with a cascade on each side of the swag or arrangement of swags.
Swamp CoolerSee evaporative cooling system.
Swan-Neck HandleA curved handle popular in the 1700's.
Swing DoorThis type of door is generally provided in passages of public buildings like offices , banks etc. The door may have single shutter or two shutters. Since these doors are pushed open ,they should have glazed shutters so as to enable the users to see the objects on other side.
Swing LegA hinged table leg (as in a gate leg) which swings out to support a drop leaf.
Swinging Door (One Way)The typical side-hinged door.
Swivel ChairA chair that swivels, such as a swivel office chair or swivel recliner.
SymbolismThe use of historic color where each color held significance or symbolized a value.
SymmetricalA formal, mirror-image balance in design or decorating.
Symmetrical BalanceAlso called bisymmetrical, formal, or passive balance, it is mirror-image arrangement of parts or elements.
SynthesisBringing together the research data in the programming process.
Synthetic FibersThe group of fibers that do not begin as cellulose but as chemicals or other natural elements chemically altered or composed into a viscose solution and extruded through a spinnerette. This group includes nylon, acrylic, modaerylic, polyester, olefin, saran, spandex, vinyon, latex, fiberglass, and metallic fibers. Also known as noncellulosie man-made fibers.
Systems FurnitureComponent pieces that can. be chosen and assembled to create work spaces according to the needs of the user. As needs change, new components can be added and unneeded elements can be eliminated.