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F LampA flame-shaped, often fluted lamp for decorative fixtures such as a candelabra.
Fabric ArtHandwoven or constructed fabric or textile pieces that hang on the wall.
Fabric ShadesVertically or horizontally operated shades of fabric, including roller, Roman, balloon, and Austrian shades.
Fabric Wall CoveringsHeavy wall coverings made sturdy and substantial with a fabric, rather than paper, backing. Used for vinyl and nonresidential wall coverings.
FacadeThe front or principal face of a building.
FaçadeThe front portion of a building.
Face WeightYarn weight. of carpeting per square measure. Ileavier weights indicate more face or pile yarn, or greater density.
FacetedDecorative surface cut into sharp-edged planes in a crisscross pattern to reflect light.
Facia BoardIt is a wooden plank usually 25mm thick and 15cm wide fixed along the eaves connecting the feet of the common rafters.
Fall Front

The flap of a bureau or secr'taire that pulls down to provide a writing surface. Find home office furniture.

Fan LightA semicircular window with ribbed bars, normally found over a door or another window.
Fan PatternedThe description of a chair back when fitted with ribs or channels that resemble the stalks of a half open fan.
Fancy-Faced VeneersVeneers that are cut into exotic patterns, which are usually used in more visible areas of wooden furniture such as door fronts and table tops.
FanlightThe function of fanlight is to ensure cross ventilation in the room even when the door is closed. It also assists in providing natural light in the corridors or passages.
Farthingale ChairAn armless upholstered chair for ladies wearing enormous skirts of the early Stuart era.
FaultA fracture within a rock mass where the rocks on one side have moved in relation to those on the other side.
FauteuilAn upholstered French armchair with open spaces between the arms and seat. Find a living room chair.
FauxA simulation of something else. An example of this would be faux marble, which is a marble-like surface painted onto walls or other surfaces (see trompe l'oeil).
Faux FinishA decorative paint technique that imitates a pattern found in nature.
Faux-FinishA decorative technique in which paint or stain is applied to a surface to simulate another material such as wood, marble, or granite.
Feasibility StudiesIn-depth estimates of the cost of planning and specification of a project undertaken prior to any actual planning.
Feather BandingTwo narrow bands of veneer laid in opposite diagonals.
Feather BedA quilted mattress topper stuffed with feathers or goose down. Find a feather bed.
FederalDesign period following the American Revolution and running roughly through the early 1800's. Federal styles incorporate the neo-classical influences of Sheraton and Hepplewhite including straight and delicate lines, tapered legs, and contrasting veneers.
Federal (1790-1830)The post-revolutionary period in America.
FeldsparCrystalline materials mixed with kaolin to make porcelain.
FeltA cotton material commonly used for cushioning or lining the inside of a piece of furniture such as a jewelry armoire or the drawers of a buffet.
Felt PaddingAnimal and/or synthetic fibers compressed and needlepunched; used for carpet underlay to protect carpet without great resilience.
Fender PilesWhen the piles are used to protect concrete deck or other water front structures from the abrasion or impact that may be caused from the ships or barges (when they are tied up at the deck ) they are called fender piles.
FenestrationRefers to the use of windows on a wall.
Feng ShuiLiterally, wind/water, the Chinese system of balancing the energy patterns of the physical environment.
FerruleNormally a metal cap attached to the end of a slender shaft for strength or to prevent splitting.
FestoonA length of garland, foliage, flowers or branches that are entwined or bound together, usually hanging in a curve between two points.
Festoon BlindSimilar to an Austrian blind, but with gathered scallops throughout the length of the blind.
Ff & E (Furniture, Furnishings, And Equipment)Nickname for projects that have minimal or no construction work involved.
FiberA natural or synthetic substance such as cotton or polyester that can be separated into thread-like filaments and be spun, woven or matted.
Fiber Felt PaddingSee felt padding.
Fiber RugA floor covering made of tightly twisted strips of paper often coated with vinyl to resist friction and moisture.
FiberboardA board made of compressed wood fibers and glue.
FiberfillGeneric term for all stuffing fibers or materials used in battings, quiltings, sleeping bags, pillows, etc.
Fiberglass Or Glass FiberA synthetic mineral fiber made of spun glass used for insulation, tub enclosures, and contract draperies. (A registered trademark of Owens-Corning for glass fiber or fiberglass.)
FibralonA registered trademark of Fibron for olefin.
FibroA registered trademark of Courtaulds for rayon.
Fiddle BackA backsplat in the shape of a violin (fiddle) that is typically seen on Queen Anne chairs.
FiddlebackA unique figure on the face of a wood, giving it a washboard effect.
FiderThe Foundation for Interior Design Education and Research, which establishes standards for design education. Also a design school accrediting body.
FieldstoneAny type of large, rugged rocks used for flooring or walls.
FigureThe pattern produced in wood by annual growth rings, rays, knots, color variation, and the manner in which the log was cut.
FiguringA pattern made by the natural grain of wood.
FilamentThe continuous man-made fiber strand extruded through the spinnerette. Filaments are combined and spun into threads or yarns. Natural filaments are silk and horsehair.
Filament LightingLight that's produced by heating a small filament inside a bulb, as with a common light bulb.
File CabinetA piece of office furniture used for storing files. File cabinets normally consist of one to four drawers. Find a file cabinet.
FiligreeA decorative ornamentation that's often produced with fine wires of gold or silver in the form of scrolls and arabesques.
Fill (Or Weft)Visible yarns in a fabric that are woven through the less visible foundation of the warp yarns. The term 'fill' can also apply to how an item is stuffed such as a 100% down-fill pillow.
FillersPreparatory materials for surfaces to be painted. Used to fill in nail holes, cracks, or other imperfections.
FillingA step in the manufacturing finishing process where the filling of natural pores in wood allows the surface to become smoother and more reflective.
Filling YarnsThe set of yarns woven crosswise into the set of long warp yarns that are threaded onto a loom. Also called weft.
FinaA registered trademark of Monsanto for acrylic.
Fine ArtsThe arts of architecture, painting, drawing, sculpture, and printmaking, as well as music, literature, drama, and dance.
Finger JointA joint in which two pieces of wood are cut in an elongated zigzag pattern and joined together with glue.
Finger PlatesNarrow rectangular panels, often made in the same material as the door knob, which are fixed to the door to protect against dirty finger marks.
FinialThe decorative end piece on a curtain rod. Often in the shape of a spear, ball, leaf,or pineapple.
FinishThe surface coating of an item, which can include paints, stains, varnishes, fabric treatments, etc. Wood, metal, fabric, stone and many other materials require a finish for reasons such as coloring, texture, and protection from moisture.
Finish CarpenterOne who creates custom woodwork and cabinetry.
Finish PackageThe woodwork in an interior, including items such as built-in shelving, cabinets, case piece units, baseboard/door/window trim, and railings.
Finish PlumbingThe installation of sinks, toilets, and faucet hardware.
Finished LengthThe length of a finished, hemmed fabric window treatment.
Finished Pile WeightWeight in ounces per square measure of finished carpeting.
FinishesThese are a group of finishes that render a fabric more resistant to bacteria, static, wrinkling, flammability, insects, soil, humidity damage and increase insulative qualities. A general term for processes that do one of the following
FinishingProcesses or chemicals that render fabrics more durable or decorative.
Finishing CoatThis is the last coat applied on the surface after the undercoat is properly dry.
Finnish StyleFinnish furniture designers used bent and laminated (layers of solid wood) woods to create organic, humanistic forms and lightweight open shapes. These designers were also the first to experiment with tubular steel in furniture design.
Fire Alert SystemA network or single unit that senses heat or smoke, then alerts the occupants through a shrill noise.
Fire RetardantCertain man-made fibers such as modacrylic, saran, and PVC that resist burning but are not flame-proof.
FireboxThe box or chamber containing the fire of a furnace or fireplace.
Fireplace InsertAn enclosed stove unit that can be placed in an existing fireplace to make it more efficient.
FiresurroundShelf and side elements framing a fireplace. Also called chimneypiece or mantelpiece.

Heating clay, glaze, enamel, or other material to the temperature needed to achieve a desired structural change. Most ceramics are fired in a kiln to temperatures ranging from 1600°F to 2300°F.

FirmnessA sought after quality by many in upholstered furniture and mattresses, which is usually interpreted to mean support. Firmness for some is a comfort term synonymous with hardness, and for others it is a structural term associated with support.
Fish-Scale ShinglesSmall shingles with round or pointed sawtooth ends used to create decorative surface effects on the nineteenth-century Queen Anne-style houses.
FittingsThe plumbing devices that bring water to the fixtures, such as faucets.
Fixed WindowA window that cannot be opened. It is usually a decorative unit, such as a half-round or Pal-ladian-style window.
FixtureAny fixed part of the structural design, such as sinks, windows, or doors.
Fixture Or LuminaireThe structural or decorative unit that holds the lamp or bulb and the electric connectors. In fluorescent and lighting, it also contains the ballast.
Fixture SpacingRefers to how far apart to space ambient-light fixtures for an even field of light.
Flag StoneAny laminiscated sandstone available in uniform thickness is called flag stone.
FlagstoneHard, nonresilient stone that splits into sheets, used for paving and flooring.
FlambeauA carved decoration in the shape of a flaming torch.
Flame ResistantA term referring to fabrics such as wool, silk, nylon, olefin, and polyester that do not ignite easily, are slow-burning, and will often self-extinguish.
Flame StitchA wavy angular pattern that looks like the shape of a flickering flame, normally found on brocade fabrics.
Flame-Retardant FinishesChemical finishes that make a fabric that is constructed of a flammable fiber become resistant to fire ignition and spread. Chemical applications that render a fabric less flammable.
Flame-Retardant PaintsPaints with additives that inhibit combustibility.
Flammability ResistanceAbility of background textiles to resist catching on fire and/or sustaining a flame. Nonresidential code requirement.
Flammability TestsTests that measure the rate of ignition, the rate of flame spread when the source of the fire is removed, how long the fabric continues to burn, how long it remains in a red-glow state, and the density and toxicity of the fumes. These tests are conducted to meet stringent nonresidential state and local fire codes.
Flammable Or InflammableA term that refers to fabrics, such as cellulosic cotton, linen, rayon, and acetate, that easily catch on fire or are highly combustible.
FlangeAn erect, projecting flattened ridge such as the top and bottom horizontal projections of an I beam. Also refers to a decorative finish sewn into a seam.
FlannelUsually a cotton or rayon fabric slightly napped on both sides to resemble woolen fabric used for some, blanketing, coating, etc. Woolen and worsted flannels are also popular.
FlareThe outward concave curve of a furniture leg.
FlatA British term for an apartment.
Flat ArchIt is also known as straight or camber arch and are laid with its bed joints radiating to centre. When used over opening of door or window, the flat arch acts similar to a lintel.
Flat PaintAny type of paint that dries to a matte or nonshiny finish.
Flat RoofA roof laid at an angle of less than 10 degrees to the horizontal is known as flat roof.
Flat Slab FlooringFlat slab , also known as beamless slab , is a type of construction in which the flooring slab is directly supported on columns without the agency of beams and girders.
Flat VarnishIt is sometimes desired that the varnished surface should present dull appearance. To attain this, manufactures make varnishes, which dry with reduced gloss by adding such material as wax, metallic, soap and finely divided silica.
Flat Weave RugThese rugs are not woven with knots and have not pile. They are usually wool or cotton. It is a good idea to use them with a rug pad so they do not slip and they are more comfortable to walk on. Kilims and Dhurrie rugs are types of flat weave rugs.
Flatbed Screen PrintingThe traditional method of stencil silk-screen printing where screens are manually or mechanically moved and paint squeegeed across by hand.
Flat-Screen TvA TV with a flat display.
FlatworkConcrete laid flat for foundation and garage floors, sidewalks, and driveways.
FlaxA plant from which linen is derived.
FlemishFlemish furniture was a product from master craftsmen of Flanders (Belgium). Flemish is usually included in Dutch Renaissance furniture and is not necessarily defined as a period of furniture, but more as an influence in design. Flemish furniture is famous for its distinct and careful carving and the Flemish foot. Flemish furniture is a product of French influence.
Flemish BondIn this arrangement of bonding brickwork, each course consists of alternate headers and stretchers. The alternate headers of each course are centered over the stretchers in the course below. Every alternate course starts with a header at the corner.
Flemish GableA gable incorporating steps, curves, or both.
Flemish ScrollA baroque form with the curve broken by an angle.
Fleur-De-LisTerm for a decorative French emblem in the form of a conventionalized floral design.
FlexibilityThe ability of a fabric to stretch and rebound to its original shape; a necessary characteristic in upholstery fabrics.
Flexible Wall CoveringsA general term for wall coverings that may be bent or manipulated to fit a shape or surface.
Flickering LightAn uneven source of light such as candlelight, firelight, or electric lamps that imitate this effect.
FlierIt is a straight step having a parallel width of tread.
FlightA series of steps without any platform , break or landing in their direction.
FlitchThe half or quarter log that is cut to make lumber for furniture construction.
Float ValveIt is used to supply water to a storage tank or flushing cistern and to automatically shut off the supply when the pre
Floccati RugsArea rugs woven or knitted with tufts of sheared goat's hair left in its natural cream or brown color.
Flock WallpaperWallpaper that has a raised fabric pattern. Find wallpaper.
Flocked CarpetA method of producing a carpet pile similar to velvet. Fibers are electrostatically charged, then embedded in a glue-coated fabric backing.
Flocked WallpapersWallpapers with chopped fibers affixed to the. surface in a decorative pattern.
FlockingA decorative process of adhering patterns of tiny fibers to the surface of a fabric; often seen in sheers and flocked dotted swiss fabrics.
FloggingBrickwork used as mull between timber framing.
FloodlightA reflective lamp spotlight with a wide-beam spread.
Floor LampA tall lamp with a base that stands on the floor. Find a floor lamp.
Floor PlansThe two-dimensional layout of rooms. Part of the working drawings and blueprints used to construct a space.
Floor TrapsTrap provided in floors to collect used water from floors of bathroom , kitchen or washing floor etc. are known as the floor traps.
FloorsFloors are flat supporting elements of a building. They divide building into different levels thereby creating more accommodation on a given plot of land.
FlowA smooth continuity achieved by design and decor elements being arranged harmoniously with some sense of shape, style and color.
Flowing LinesThese are a type of curved lines that suggest graceful continuous or growing movement.
FlueThe chimney pipe above the firebox in a fireplace.
FluoresceTo glow or become fluorescent.
FluorescentContains a mixture of an inert gas and low-pressure mercury vapor.
Fluorescent LightProduced by an arc, or discharge, between two electrodes inside a glass tube filled with very low-pressure mercury vapor that produces ultraviolet (invisible) radiation in wavelengths. These activate the white phosphorus lining of the lamp, causing it to glow and converting the ultraviolet energy into visible light.
Fluorescent Light BulbAn energy-efficient light source made of a usually tubular-shaped bulb that contains a glowing gas and is coated on the inside with phosporous.
Fluorescent LightingA type of lighting in which an electrical charge is passed through mercury vapor to create a chemical reaction that produces light. Uses far less energy and creates less heat than incandescent or halogen lighting, but the light quality and color rendering capabilities are diminished.
Flush DoorFlat doors with no raised or sunken panels.
Flush PointingIn this type of pointing, the mortar is pressed into the raked joints and finished off flush with the edges of the bricks or stones, so as to give a smooth appearance.
Flush-Face FireplaceA fireplace whose planes are flush with the wall in which it is built.
Flushing CisternA flushing cistern is used for storage and discharge of water for flushing of contents from a W.C. or urinal.
FluteA groove in the shaft of a column.
FlutedMarked by a series of vertical grooves, as on the shaft of a column, a pilaster, or a decorative molding.
FlutingA series of carved out semicircular grooves usually found on columns, molding or wooden legs.
Fly RailThe folding bracket that supports the drop leaf of a table.
Flying ButtressA horizontal brace that spans from the wall to a supporting abutment and receives the outward thrust of the wall.
Flying ShoresIt is a system of providing temporary support to the party walls of two buildings where the intermediate building is to be pulled down and rebuild.
FoamPadding material used in upholstered furniture and mattresses. Common types of foam include polyurethane, latex, and Viscoelastic ('Visco' or 'Memory Foam').
Foam CoreA cardboard-like material with a foam center available in varying thickness; commonly used to mount photographs and display materials.
Foam Rubber PadsCarpet underlay of foam rubber.
Fob (Free On Board)The shipper must assume that expense of loading the goods onto the truck as well the expenses and risk for shipping the goods to the FOB destination.
Fob,DestinationThe manufacturer retains ownership of the goods, pays all shipping expense, and assumes all risks until the goods reach the delivery destination.
Fob,FactoryThe buyer assumes ownership or title of the goods when they are loaded on the truck at the factory. The buyer assumes the transportation expenses and all risks.
Focal Point

A visual center of interest or point of emphasis in a room. A well designed room will have many engaging focal points.

Foil/Mylar Wall CoveringsA mirrorlike shiny or reflective background.
Fold-Down ShelfA spring-loaded shelf that swings up and out of a base cabinet for use, then folds down and back into the cabinet when it's not needed.
Folded Plate System ConstructionA building system of thin reinforced concrete in a folded, zigzag roof pattern.
FoliatedDecorated with leaf designs of an intricate pattern.
Folk RugsFlat tapestry rugs handmade by an ethnic group in native design and color.
FootboardA foot board is a vertical board or frame, not as high as a headboard. It is usually upholstered or finished wood.
Foot-CandleA unit that is used to measure brightness. A foot-candle is equal to one lumen per square foot of lighted surface.
Foot-Candle (Fc)A unit used to measure the bright-ness produced by a lamp. A foot-candle is equal to one lumen per square foot of surface.
FootcandlesA measurement of the amount of direct light hitting a surface.
FootingA foundation unit constructed in brickwork, masonry or concrete under the base of a wall or column for the purpose of distributing the load over a large area.
FootlambertsA measurement of the amount of light reflected off a surface.
Forced-Air HeatingA conventional furnace-powered heating system in which the hot air is blown through ducts and enters rooms through registers.
ForgedA blacksmithing technique, in which metal is shaped by hammering, usually while at red or white heat.
FormIs the basic shape and configuration of an object or space.
Formal AreasThe spaces in residential design where structured visiting, dining, and entertaining take place away from kitchen and other work spaces.
Formal BalanceAnother term for symmetrical, bisymmetrical, or passive balance.
FortrelA registered trademark of Celanese for polyester.
FossiloferousA rock containing fossils.
FoundationIt is the lowest part of the structure below the ground level, which is in direct contact with the ground and transmits all the dead, live and other loads to the soil on which the structure rests.
Four PlexA four-unit apartment building.
Four PosterA bed with posts that are tall enough to hold a canopy. Find bedroom furniture.
FqFull/Queen size. Fits both Full and/or Queen size. Approximate size for Comforter, Duvet Cover is 88"x96". FQ is also the abbreviation we use for the website.
FrameThe wooden framework of an upholstered piece of furniture.
Framed CabinetA cabinet with a full frame across the face of the cabinet box.
Frameless CabinetA cabinet without a face frame. It may also be called a "European-style" cabinet.
Framing Or FrameworkThe wooden or metal skeleton structure used for the majority of buildings today.
Freestanding FireplaceA self-contained fireplace unit that is away from the wall.
French BedA bed with ends that roll outward. It has no posts. Commonly referred to as a sleigh bed today.
French ClassicFrench Classic design was largely base on a complete avoidance of the curved line in furniture. This type of furniture is usually quite straight and simplistic in design. French Classic is considered an influence rather than a defined style and was influenced by an Italian flavor of styling. Decoration depends on fluted and grooved accents, geometric patterns and marquetry. Mahogany is the favored wood of French Classic designs, however rosewood, tulipwood, and ebony were used though less frequently. Most popular during the later 1700's.
French DoorDouble casement-type door that opens in or out.
French Empire Style of the early 1800's that expressed the imperial ambitions of Napoleon and was created at his command. Greek and Roman influence is apparent and though somewhat ostentatious, many pieces are considered quite exquisite even today. French Empire has simple construction with a deep rich varnish. Empire-wreaths. Roman eagles, lions, sphinx, and the letter "N" (for Napoleon himself of course) are the emblems that are familiar to this design. This style of furniture has mostly straight lines and often will have metal feet. Tabletops have marble tops. The most commonly used woods were mahogany, rosewood, and ebony.
French Empire (1804-20)The period during the time of Napoleon in France.
French PolishingTreating a wooden surface with French polish to give it a highly reflective, smooth finish.
French ProvincialRustic versions of formal French furnishings of the 1600's and 1700's, such as the Louis XIV and Louis XV styles. Early French Provincial pieces were considered as peasant furniture.
French RegencePopular in Europe during the early 1700's. French Regence' furniture designs have many similarities of Louis XIV furniture but definitely had its own styling. Rococo decoration is familiar in this style. Pieces from this era are very curvy and are intensely decorated. Many pieces from this period are somewhat whimsical and different. French Regence' also introduced commodes, secretaries, and chiffoniers.
French Regence (1715-23)The period between the reigns of Louis XIV and Louis XV in France.
French RenaissanceStyle dating from the mid 1400's to the early 1600's. French Renaissance spans through many rulers, Francis I, Henry II, and the most noted Henry IV. French Renaissance was mostly inspired by Italian taste but the pieces are much smaller in scale. This period is famous for its exquisite woodcarving. French Renaissance is also noted for its betterment in tapestry weaving. Early pieces are mostly manufactured of oak. Later pieces are made of walnut. Later pieces are also known to be a bit more elaborate in decoration.
French-WiredA lamp in which the power cord connects directly to the light socket, rather than being hidden in the base of the lamp.
FrequencyThe number of cycles completed per second and is measured in Hertz.
FrescoA durable painting technique for walls and ceilings, created by blending water-colors directly into wet plaster.
FretworkAn open or pierced woodcarving with an oriental influence, primarily used as a decorative element in Chippendale-style furniture.
FriezeThe central horizontal band of an entablature, found below the cornice and above the architrave.
FrogIt is a depression on the top face of a brick. It provides a recess for the mortar, which on setting forms a key and prevents the displacement of the brick above.
FrontAs applied to a building means the portion facing the street from which it has access.
Full Bed (Or Double Size)Refers to a bed for a mattress that measures 54"x75". Was once the standard or most popular size bed. Sometimes referred to as a double, full or standard. Find a mattress set.
Full Extra Long (Or Double Extra Long)A full/double mattress that measures 54"x80". Find a mattress set.
Full Grain LeatherA top-grain leather without any corrections or alterations to the natural grain pattern. Find leather furniture.
Full Spectrum LightingLight that contains all color wavelengths.
Full-Forward ArmAn arm extending continuously from the back to the front of a piece of furniture.
Full-Spectrum LightLight that contains the full range of wave-lengths that can be found in daylight, including invisible radiation (ultraviolet and infrared) at each end of the visible spectrum.
FumingA vapor deposition process in which a thin film of metal (usually silver, platinum, or gold) condenses on the surface of a hot piece of glass or clay, resulting in an iridescent surface.
FunctionA normal or characteristic action or some duty required in work. Used here to refer to anything that takes place within a given environment.
Functional FinishesSee standard finishes.
FunctionalismA form of design based on use rather than on ornamentation.
FurnaceThe mechanism that heats air or water by electricity, natural gas, coal, or oil and either blows the heated air through ducts or pumps hot water to radiators.
Fuse-Bonded CarpetCarpet yarns directly tufted into a liquid rubber or latex backing that solidifies to hold in the tufts.
Fused GlassGlass that has been heated in a kiln to the point where two separate pieces are permanently joined as one without losing their individual color.
FutonPadded mattress and quilt, which are pliable enough to be folded and stored out of sight during the day.
Futon CoverBasically a giant pillowcase that pulls over a futon mattress, that has a zipper or Velcro-type of closure. Find a futon cover.
FuzzingThe working loose of fibers to the surface of the textile.