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Eames, Charles (1907-78) And RayAn important husband-wife design team responsible for several modern classic furniture pieces.
Early AmericanAmerican furniture design of the late 1600's to early 1700's (still popular today), adapted from popular European styles such as Jacobean and William and Mary. The look is characterized by straight lines and minimal decoration. The style has merged into what is now called Colonial, normally featuring elements of Queen Anne and Chippendale design.
Early American (1650-1750)A general term for American Provincial or country New England interiors.
Early Christian (A.D. 330-800)The architectural period following the official recognition of the Christian church by the Roman government.
Early Georgian(1695-1750) Architectural period that first brought the design and elegance of the English Renaissance to America.
Early RenaissanceEarly 1500's, the transitional period between Gothic Arts and the Classical Revival. Characterized by arch form, ornament and detail in style and decoration, high relief carving with diamond shapes and architectural pilasters, and ornamented with olive, laurel and acanthus leaves. Pieces usually featured no hardware.
EarsMoldings on panels, door frames, or chimneypieces that break to form small molded squares or ears at the corners.

Ceramic ware with a permeable or porous body after firing (usually to a temperature of 1600°F to 1900°F).

EasementsShort bends in the handrail that allow it to change direction.
EastlakeCharles Eastlake designated the Eastlake period and was popular in both England and America in the late 19th Century. Eastlake furniture had a medieval styling with a Gothic and Japanese decoration. The favorite woods were cherry wood and other fruitwoods. Panels were sometimes adorned with tile and metal for an added decoration.
Eastlake, Charles (1793-1865)Nineteenth-century English designer and scholar who advocated the Gothic Revival style. Wrote 1-lints on Household Taste.
Easy ChairAny large chair which is suitable for lounging. Find a living room chair.
EavesThe lower edge of the inclined roof surface of a pitched roof is termed as eaves.
EbenisteAn ordinary term for a French cabinet maker.
EbonizeA painting effect where an object is treated with color to make it look like ebony.
EchinusAn oval-shaped molding between the shaft and the abacus on a column.
EchoesWhen a reflecting surface is so far away from the source that the sound is reflected back as a distinct repetition of the direct sound, the reflected sound is called an echo.
EclecticA style of decorating combining furniture and accessories of various styles and periods.
EconomyThe relative cost of items as related to an allotted budget.
Effects Of CrowdingThe effects of crowding are inordinate exposure to sounds, smells, and touch.
EfficacyLumens per watt is a measure of the efficacy or efficiency of the light source.
EfflorescenceIf soluble salts are present in bricks or the mortar, they absorb moisture from atmosphere and go into solution which appears on the surface in the form of whitish substance as the moisture dries out and the salts crystallise.
Egg & DartA classic design of alternating oval and dart shapes, commonly applied to cornices.
Egg And DartA decorative pattern consisting of alternating shapes of ovoid and arrow, usually used for molding.
EggshellAn oil-based paint that has a low-sheen satin finish.
Eggshell EnamelA hard finish semigloss paint.
EgressThe way out; exit.
EgyptianThis is arguably the first "influential" style of design dating from 4000 to 300 B.C. Pieces were very colorful and highly decorated. Carvings featured papyrus, lotus, and human and animal forms. Seating was usually of leather or cane and loose cushions were common. The most popular woods of choice were sycamore, cedar, yew and olivewood. Royal pieces were normally further decorated with inlaid ivory, gold and jewels. Egyptian styling has also been a huge influence on craftsmen of later eras.
Egyptian CottonFine lustrous long staple cotton. Several varieties - usually brown in color. 1-2/5" average. Used in U.S. for thread and fine fabrics.
Eight PlexAn apartment building containing eight units.
Eight-Way Hand TiedSprings used in upholstered furniture, in which each spring is tied in eight directions by hand securing the springs inside of the frame.
ElementsThe five elements in Chinese belief  earth, wood, fire, metal, and water that offer essential clues to the practice of Feng Shui.
Elements Of DesignThe tactile portion of interiors that can be manipulated by the designer. These are space, shape or form, mass, line, texture, pattern, light, and color.
ElevationA flat, two-dimensional drawing of a straight-on (orthographic) view of an object, an exterior facade, or an interior wall.
ElizabethanA large furniture style of severe form that emerged during the reign of Elizabeth I in England during the latter half of the 1500's. Elizabethan pieces are characterized by heavy carving and massive size.
EluraA registered trademark of Monsanto for mnodacrvlic.
EmbellishmentDecoration or ornamentation added to an object or an interior.
Embossed Loop PileA looped pile surface carpet with high and low, or multilevel, loops; creates a random pattern.
Embossed Wall CoveringsWallpapers with an imprinted, three-dimensional design.
EmbossingA technique to impress or stamp a design onto a piece of furniture; mostly used on wood pieces to resemble carving.
EmbroideryOrnamental needlework consisting of designs worked on fabric with either silk, cotton, metalized, or other threads, either by hand or machine.
EmphasisA principle of design that indicates attention is given to a certain area within an interior. Emphasis is also called focal point.
EmpireA style inspired by the Napoleonic Empire, which features heavy looking classical designs and combines straight lines and curves, sleigh beds are a good example of this styling.
EmulsionA water-based paint that's mainly applied to walls and ceilings.
Enamel PaintsOil-based or sometimes water-based paints that are hard and glossy.
Enameled GlassGlass decorated with particles of translucent glass or glass-like material, usually of a contrasting color, which fuses to the surface under heat. Multicolored designs can be created, as well as monochrome coatings.
EncarpaA festoon of fruit and flowers traditionally used to decorate friezes and other flat spaces.
EncausticA paint medium in which pigment is suspended in molten wax and resin. After applying the paint to a panel or canvas, the artist passes a heat element over the work to fuse the colors into a fixed, uniform film.
EncoignureAn 18th-19th Century casework piece similar to a corner cabinet. Its front is typically rounded or diagonal, and it rests on three or four feet. Often, the top portion contains shelves in graduated sizes.
EncronA registered trademark of American Enka for polyester.
End MatchingTwo adjacent pieces of veneer, which are joined end to end to form a continuous pattern.
End TableA small accent table that is usually placed at the end of a couch, beside chair or beside. Most commonly made of wood, metal and glass, or a combination of these materials. Find an end table.
EndiveA carved leaf design following the lines of the endive plant.
Energy ConsciousnessA term often associated with window treatments-covering windows to keep in winter heat and exclude summer solar gain or hear.
Engaged ColumnA half column that is set against a wall or into a wall.
Engineered Wood FlooringFlooring that is created from layers of wood bonded together through adhesive. Makes for a very dimensionally stable floor, ideal for areas prone to changes in temperature and humidity.
English BondThis bond consists of alternate course of headers and stretchers. In this arrangement, vertical joints in the header courses come over each other and the vertical joints in the stretcher course are also in the same line.
English RegencyOften referred to as the English version of the French Empire, this period (1810-1830) reflected the general European interest in antiquity and return to classic forms, rich ornamentation. Furniture was small-scaled, well-proportioned; combining curves and straight lines.
English StyleThe period distinctions of English furniture are somewhat indefinite owing to the variety of labels according to monarchs, designers, typical woods and external influences. Changes were happening so rapidly that primarily the type of wood used distinguished the boundaries of the English style.
EngravingAn intaglio printing process in which a design is incised into a metal plate. Characterized by sharp, clean lines and high definition.
EngravingsPrints made from a hand-engraved metal plate.
EnkromeA registered trademark of American Enka for viscose rayon.
EntablatureThe horizontal element that rests upon the columns in classical architecture. Consists of the architrave, frieze, and cornice.
Entertainment CenterA piece of furniture designed to hold entertainment equipment such as TV's and stereo components. Find an entertainment center.
EnvelopeA passive solar building system wherein air circulates in a double-wall construction around the house and includes a south-facing solarium.
Epoxy PaintUsed to paint over metal or water-filled surfaces. Contains hardeners.
EquilibriumA state of physical or visual balance or equality.
Er LampsSee R, ER lamps.
Erformance SpecificationA specification establishing product requirements based on exacting performance criteria. These criteria must be based on the qualitative or measurable statements.
ErgonomicTerm that relates to furniture design and function for the human form; very commonly found in home office furnishings such ergonomic chairs for example.
ErgonomicsSee biotechnology.
Escritoire A writing desk with a fall front that lowers to form a writing surface. The English word 'secretary' was derived from this term.
EscutcheonThe shaped metal fitting/backing behind a drawer pull or surrounding a keyhole. The term can also apply to a tiny plate that hangs over a keyhole to stop drafts from coming in. The term can be further applied to a shield upon which a coat of arms or other devices are emblazoned.
EspagnolettesA long bolt sometimes found on French windows. It consists of a handle that sends the bolt into the top and bottom of the wall.
EstronA registered trademark of Eastman Kodak for acetate.
EtagereA small, upright set of free-standing open-sided shelves for displaying small decorative items.
Etch Or Burn-Out PrintingA decorative chemical finish printed with acid to burn out one fiber?usually cotton in a cotton/polyester blend?to leave a sheer pattern.
Etched GlassGlass decorated, carved, or otherwise marked by sandblasting or the use of hydrofluoric acid. The glass is partially covered with an acid-resistant wax or gum and the exposed are is etched.
EtchingA printing method in which compound agents are used to deepen lines drawn onto a printing plate.
EtchingsPrints made from metal plates that have patterns and designs chemically etched into their surface.
Ethical StandardsDefine what is correct and incorrect in relation to the professional behavior of the members and even the practice of the profession.
European Handmade RugsFrench Savonnerie and Aubusson, Portuguese needlepoint, and Spanish rugs.
European StyleSophisticated style with great attention to detail and ornamentation.
Evaporative Cooling SystemAlso called swamp cooling, the system is based on air flowing through a wet pad. Useful and economical in arid climates.
EvoluteA recurrent wave motif for a band, frieze or cornice.
ExecutionThe final phase of the design process where the design plans are implemented.
ExitA passage, channel or means of egress from any building, storey or floor area to a street or other open space of safety.
Expansion JointsThese joints are provided to accommodate the expansion of adjacent building parts and to relieve compressive stress that may otherwise develop.
Exposed AggregatePebbles set into and protruding above a concrete base. Hard flooring and wall material.
Exterior VeneerThe finish building material on the exterior, such as masonry (brick, stone) or siding (metal, wood, stucco).
External WallAn outer wall of a building not being a party wall even though adjoining to a wall of another building and also means a wall abutting on an interior open space of any building.
ExtradosIt is the outer surface of an arch or the outer curve of the arch ring. Enamel paint - It is made by adding pigments like white lead or zinc white to a vehicle which is a varnish.
Extrude/ExtrusionTo force out through a small opening; a method used to form tubular steel. Also, man-made fibers formed by forcing a viscose solution through a spinnerette.
Extrusive RockThe cooling of magma on the earth's surface creates an igneous rock.
EyeballA recessed spotlight that shines at an angle on a wall or object.
Eyeball SpotsSemi-recessed lights set in the ceiling, which can be adjusted to shine in different directions.
EyeletA small hole in a piece of fabric designed for a cord to be thread through or used for decoration (as in embroidery).