Sundaram Architects Pvt LtdArchitect:
Integrated Design Associates Architects & Designers
- A centrally located airport in India.
- Conducting wind tunnel testing of the air traffic control tower to mitigate against monsoon winds.
The new Rajiv Gandhi International Airport is located approximately 22km south west of Hyderabad City, one of the fastest growing cities and the sixth largest metropolitan area in India. With its central location in India, the airport will serve as a hub for domestic passengers, international passengers and cargo traffic.
The passenger terminal building comprises a five-level reinforced concrete frame supported on pad foundations, covered with a structural steelwork roof with spans up to 45m in length. A lightweight fabric roof structure covers the pick-up and drop-off areas along the frontage access to the airport. The design has provided flexibility to enable future expansion that will ultimately cater for a capacity of over 40m passengers annually.
The 70m high air traffic control tower comprises a reinforced concrete slip-formed core with a steelwork cabin structure to the upper five levels of the tower to support air traffic and apron control areas. The Arup team undertook extensive wind tunnel testing of the tower, which resulted in the proposed perforated cladding and strake features to mitigate lateral accelerations induced by monsoon winds. The foundation for the tower is a raft foundation and the upper steelwork cabin structure includes a column-free perimeter to allow uninterrupted views over the airfield.
Timely response to the infrastructure demand
Hyderabad's increasing economic importance has led to a significant increase in air traffic to the city during the past few years. Like many other cities in the country, infrastructure deficiency remains one of the key factors that inhibit its rapid growth. The new airport is a timely response to the heavy increase in air traffic and helps India to achieve its global ambitions.
The design of the new airport has involved several firsts in India. It combines the longest runways, spanning 4,260 m, and the tallest air traffic control tower, at 70 m high. It is also one of the first public-private partnership ventures in the country and the first terminal building to gain LEEDS accreditation.
Showing the government's determination to revitalise Hyderabad City and its economic development, the project is the first airport among the major cities in India to feature the latest technology available in other major airports in the world.
The project used a fast track design and build procurement route, with design and construction commencing in September 2005 and progressing in parallel to achieve airport opening by March 2008.